Though closed head injuries are not objectively apparent at the time of an accident, common indications that TBI may result are loss of consciousness, inability to recall events immediately before or after the accident, and alteration in mental state immediately following, such as feeling dazed, disoriented, or confused. After an accident, common symptoms of TBI in adults are the following:
Because children are less aware of their habits and normal functioning than adults, it is important for adults to monitor children carefully if it is suspected that they are suffering from a TBI. Symptoms to look for in children include:
The exact effects on an individual who suffers a TBI will vary greatly, depending on the force of impact the brain suffered and the location(s) of the injury on the brain. It is important to obtain a thorough medical examination following any accident so as to immediately determine all injuries received. To appreciate the extent of an injury, it is helpful to understand medical scales used to measure injuries involving TBI.
The Glasgow Coma Scale rates a patient's ability to open his or her eyes, and respond to verbal commands and responses. Each level of response indicates the degree of brain injury.
|Glasgow Coma Scale|
|Eye movements ||Score|
|Open to verbal command||3|
|Open to pain||2|
|Best motor response to command|
|Obeys verbal command||6|
|Best motor response to pain|
|Flexion - withdrawal||4|
|Flexion - abnormal||3|
|Best verbal response|
|Oriented and converses||5|
|Disoriented and converses||4|
The lowest score is a 3 and indicates no response from the patient. A person who is alert and oriented would be rated at 15.